Thursday, July 27, 2017

The Poison Papers



The Intercept -- Incredible story of a barn full of court documents which will now be available in the Poison Papers, including docs on Agent Orange and Monsanto, and the woman who lost her four children when her home burned to the ground in a suspicious fire as she fought the poisoners. Read the story of Carol Van Strum at: The Intercept: https://theintercept.com/2017/07/26/chemical-industry-herbicide-poison-papers/

The Poison Papers Expose Decades of Collusion between Industry and Regulators over Hazardous Pesticides and Other Chemicals

Center for Media and Democracy
July 26, 2017
Dr. Jonathan Latham, jrlatham@bioscienceresource.org, (607) 319-0279
Cara Newlon, cara.newlon@berlinrosen.com, (703) 899 3206
Carol Van Strum, cvstrum@gmail.com
The Poison Papers Expose Decades of Collusion between Industry and Regulators over Hazardous Pesticides and Other Chemicals

Watchdog Groups Digitize and Release 20,000 Documents
for Public Review


The Bioscience Resource Project and the Center for Media and Democracy today are releasing a trove of rediscovered and newly digitized chemical industry and regulatory agency documents stretching back to the 1920s.  The documents are available at PoisonPapers.org.

Together, the papers show that both industry and regulators understood the extraordinary toxicity of many chemical products and worked together to conceal this information from the public and the press. These papers will transform our understanding of the hazards posed by certain chemicals on the market and the fraudulence of some of the regulatory processes relied upon to protect human health and the environment.

"These documents represent a tremendous trove of previously hidden or lost evidence on chemical regulatory activity and chemical safety. What is most striking about these documents is their heavy focus on the activities of regulators. Time and time again regulators went to the extreme lengths of setting up secret committees, deceiving the media and the public, and covering up evidence of human exposure and human harm. These secret activities extended and increased human exposure to chemicals they knew to be toxic," said Dr. Jonathan Latham, Executive Director of the Bioscience Resource Project.

The Poison Papers are a compilation of over 20,000 documents obtained from federal agencies and chemical manufacturers via open records requests and public interest litigation. They include scientific studies and summaries of studies, internal memos and reports, meeting minutes, strategic discussions, and sworn testimonies.

The majority of these documents have been scanned and digitized for the first time and represent nearly three tons of material. The regulatory agency sources of these documents include: the EPA, the USDA Forest Service, the FDA, the Veterans Administration, and the Department of Defense. Chemical manufacturers referenced in the documents include: Dow, Monsanto, DuPont, and Union Carbide, as well as many smaller manufacturers and the commercial testing companies who worked for them.

The Poison Papers catalogue the secret concerns of industry and regulators over the hazards of pesticides and other chemicals and their efforts to conceal those concerns.
Most of the Poison Papers were collected by author and activist Carol Van Strum.

"In total, the stark truth revealed by these 50 years of documents is that the entire pesticide industry could not exist without lies, coverups, rampant fraud, and government enablers," said Van Strum, who authored the 1983 book “Bitter Fog: Herbicides and Human Rights.”

Corporate concealment is not a new story.  What is novel in the Poison Papers is the abundant evidence that EPA and other regulators were often knowing participants or even primary instigators of these cover-ups. These regulators failed to inform the public of the hazards of dioxins and other chemicals; of evidence of fraudulent independent testing; and of widespread human exposure. The papers thus reveal, in the often-incriminating words of the participants themselves, an elaborate universe of deception and deceit surrounding many pesticides and synthetic chemicals.

The chemicals most often discussed in the documents include dioxins, herbicides and pesticides (such as 2,4-D, Dicamba, Permethrin, Atrazine, and Agent Orange) and PCBs. Some of these chemicals are among the most toxic and persistent ever manufactured. Except for PCBs, almost every chemical discussed in the Poison Papers is still manufactured and sold today, either as products or as product contaminants.

“The Poison Papers will be a tremendous resource for researchers, the media, and everyday Americans worried about many of the chemicals used on farm fields and in common consumer products,” said Mary Bottari of the Center for Media and Democracy.

EXPLORE: Some of the 20,000+ documents in this repository have surfaced over the years. Many have never been seen online or publicly written about. The Poison Papers therefore offer a unique opportunity for researchers, the public and the media to discover much more about what was known about chemical toxicity, when, and by whom.

ACCESS: You can access the papers at PoisonPapers.org . Important instructions on how best to search these old documents are also available here and on the website.

Poison Papers Reveal:

Secrecy — They disclose EPA meeting minutes of a secret high-level dioxins working group that admitted dioxins are extraordinarily poisonous chemicals. Internal minutes contradict the agency's longstanding refusal to regulate dioxins or set legal limits.

Collusion — They demonstrate EPA collusion with the pulp and paper industry to “suppress, modify, or delay” the results of the congressionally-mandated National Dioxin Study, which found high levels of dioxins in everyday products, such as baby diapers and coffee filters, as well as pulp and paper mill effluents.

Deception — They provide important new data on the infamous Industrial Bio-Test (IBT) scandal. By the late 1970s, it was known that more than 800 safety studies performed by IBT on 140 chemicals produced by 38 chemical manufacturers were nonexistent, fraudulent, or invalid. The Poison Papers, however, show that EPA and its Canadian counterpart, the Health Protection Branch (HPB), colluded with pesticide manufacturers, to keep invalidly registered products on the market and covered up massive problems with many IBT tests.

Cover-up — The papers also show that EPA staff had evidence that this IBT scandal involved more independent testing companies and more products than ever officially acknowledged.

Concealment —Show that EPA concealed and falsely its own studies finding high levels of dioxin - 2,3,7,8-TCDD - in environmental samples and human breast milk following routine use of 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T (Agent Orange) by the federal Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management.

Intent — Show that Monsanto chief medical officer George Roush admitted under oath to knowing that Monsanto studies into the health effects of dioxins on workers were written up untruthfully for the scientific literature such as to obscure health effects. These fraudulent studies were heavily relied upon by EPA to avoid regulating dioxins. They also were relied upon to defend manufacturers in lawsuits brought by veterans claiming damages from exposure to Agent Orange.

Links to the above documents and more can be found on the website here.

The mission of The Bioscience Resource Project  is to provide the highest quality scientific information and analysis to enable a healthy food system and a healthy world. The Bioscience Resource Project is an educational nonprofit based in Ithaca New York, USA. It is the publisher of Independent Science News.

The Center for Media and Democracy (CMD) is a public interest watchdog group based in Madison, Wisconsin. CMD is the publisher of the websites ExposedbyCMD.org, ALECexposed.org, PRwatch.org and Sourcewatch.org.

Gemstone File -- A collection of journalistic documents spanning more than five decades has now been made available to the public for free.
NEW YORKJuly 26, 2017 /CNW/ -- The Gemstone File, a project of Chiron Return, is a collection of documents pulled by three reporters who have covered environmental history since the early 1970s. And it has now been made available free atTheGemstoneFile.org.
Emerging from a barn in Oregon and a storage unit in rural New York State, The Gemstone File has grown and accumulated for more than five decades and now comprises of more than 6,000 documents. It was scanned in over the past 18 months by Award-winning Canadian investigative reporter Peter von Stackelberg. Many important documents in The Gemstone File come from his work with the Leader-Post in Regina, Saskatchewan.
The project also includes author and document collector Carol van Strum (A Bitter Fog: Herbicides and Human Rights), as well as investigative reporter, Eric Francis Coppolino.
In a novel twist on contemporary reporting, none of the documents are leaked. They came from discovery actions in various lawsuits, or were obtained under the Freedom of Information Act.
The file covers numerous agricultural compounds, industrial chemicals and ingredients of household products, many of which are still on the market despite their safety studies being invalidated.
The depositions, memos and scientific records contained in the file reveal many examples of regulatory failure, fraud and deception of the public: proof that what passes for science often is nothing of the kind.
The Gemstone File is a mine of missing information and details on compounds including Agent Orange, DDT, dioxins, furans, glyphosate, PCBs and other chemicals in your food, under your sink and in your bathroom. This resource will serve environmental activists, scholars and contamination survivors for generations, particularly as many of the same companies are now involved with genetically modified agriculture.
All three contributors are available for interview.
About Chiron Return, Inc.Chiron Return, Inc. is a U.S.-based nonprofit organization designed to provide mentorship, documents and resources for journalists. Chiron publishes Planet Waves FM on the Pacifica Radio Network, and teaches the class Investigative Reporting from the Kitchen Table.
Contact:Eric Francis Coppolino
efc@chironreturn.org 
(845) 481-5616 
http://TheGemstoneFile.org
SOURCE Chiron Return  

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

TigerSwan Insiders Respond to Censored News -- Questions Remain over TigerSwan at Standing Rock

Photos of private security contractors employed by Dakota Access Pipeline at Standing Rock. Photo 1: Attack dogs of Frost Kennels of Ohio were sicced on water protectors. Photos 2 -- 5, shows private security contractors arresting water protectors at Standing Rock. Photo 6: Leighton security Kyle Thompson charges into camp, approached by water protector, later disarmed by BIA.

Questions remain over TigerSwan's role as supervisor of security contractors at Standing Rock

By Brenda Norrell
Censored News


Censored News was contacted by an individual offering to provide responses by "TigerSwan insiders" to questions posed from Censored News.
Censored News requested a face-to-face interview. However, the individuals preferred to respond by e-mail.
Censored News is publishing their responses, along with vital facts.
Water Protector Mike Fasig's response is below. Former Dakota Access Pipeline security personnel Kyle Thompson and Kourtni Dockter -- who describe themselves as whistleblowers -- were asked to respond.
Morton County stated in its October report, "TigerSwan Security is in charge of the DAPL Intelligence and overall supervisor of the other security companies."
Today, TigerSwan insiders told Censored News, "TigerSwan was never in charge of other security companies. And, regarding the dog attack incident, TigerSwan was never involved until after the dog incident."
TigerSwan was denied a license to work in North Dakota. The owner of TigerSwan was previously charged with domestic violence.
Many questions remain -- legal, ethical and moral questions -- in regards to TigerSwan's role at Standing Rock.
Censored News is waiting a response from Red Warrior Camp and will update.
The corporate office of TigerSwan was asked to respond.
Censored News maintains its position of support for those who stood up for the water, sacrificed and lived in the camps at Cannon Ball, North Dakota, in protection of the Missouri River.
Censored News supports the non-violent direct action of Red Warrior Camp, which brought this struggle and resistance to the eyes, ears and hearts of the world.

Questions by Brenda Norrell, publisher of Censored News, with responses from "Tiger Swan insiders."


--------------------------------------------------------------------------


1. What is your motivation, or reasons, for speaking out?

To get the truth out there. TigerSwan has been the scapegoat for a lot of things that are simply not true, and many people are taking advantage of this to fabricate more lies for their own benefit, agenda, or some other reason. There are a lot of people who claim to know ‘secret details’ about what happened at Standing Rock, or they say they know things about TigerSwan, but they are easily debunked if anyone bothers to ask the right questions or critically examine the evidence. No one knows what we did or how we did it other than TigerSwan contractors and partners. So up to this point, any conspiracy theories you’ve heard on social media aren’t true. Below is the real truth about what we did and what we didn’t do at Standing Rock.

The problem is, there hasn't been anyone to refute any of this up to this point. We hope this will help the water protector community understand more about what did and didn't happen in North Dakota. The other problem is that the truth, in many cases, is 100% different from what many protesters and water protectors want to believe. They literally can’t handle the truth and will absolutely not listen. Hopefully, this helps clear the air.

Actually, you would be surprised at how many people on staff at TigerSwan actually supported what Standing Rock stood for, but the violence and the hypocrisy from many of the outside protesters made it hard to do so. We had a bird’s eye view of the events which took place, even if those on the ground were blinded to it.

Much of what TigerSwan did was to protect the Water Protectors from the criminals and bad people that showed up to the camps in the fall when thousands and thousands of people came in. The same thing goes for the violent/extremist types in the Red Warrior camp and elsewhere. These were dangerous people looking for real violence, sabotage, and were guilty of previous charges such as drug use, rape, child abuse, and more.

If you look at all 700+ arrests, more than 95% of them were from people out of state, non-native, and many had existing criminal records. THAT is who we were looking for and trying to get out of the camps. Yes, there were other arrests, but those were people who were aggressive and mixing it up with law enforcement.

Speaking of which, TigerSwan never, ever, interacted with water protectors in any way involving physical violence or attack. Every physical altercation or incident that people talk about was with Law Enforcement. TigerSwan was never on the police lines, never detained or arrested anyone, never knocked anyone down, and never did any of the things we are being accused of. We challenge anyone to show some video or photo evidence. There are many pictures that have been shared of TigerSwan contractors walking around on a hill, driving around a pipeline valve, or generally on patrol. Their orders were to monitor things, and then if there was a problem with protesters, to withdraw, notify law enforcement, and let them deal with it. Period.

2. Please describe what you witnessed, that was carried out by private security or police who were engaged in unlawful acts at Standing Rock, Iowa, or other pipeline protests.

This is a loaded question. It is a common talking point for activists to talk about police brutality when referring to standard and normal police procedures, or claim that there were "unlawful" acts...exactly which acts are we talking about that were unlawful?

For example, some accuse TigerSwan of "illegal surveillance". Exactly what part is illegal? Most of what we did was read public Facebook posts.

Having said that, there were volunteers embedded in the camps from anywhere from days to months. We actively monitored the public social media accounts and live feeds for many of the people posting from Standing Rock. We did this to identify potential violent threats to the pipeline such as who was going to attack the pipeline on which day - or what time the following day groups would approach the police. Some of the “SITREPS” that were released are correct (at least the ones that weren’t edited or redacted). You can see summaries of the reports there, as collected from multiple people on the team.

In certain rare circumstances, when they were sure that an individual was exceptionally dangerous, we kept very close tabs on them from a distance. This is entirely legal, and it was never obvious or harassing. Anyone who thinks that they are still being followed or targeted by TigerSwan is wrong. If they do think they are still being followed, it might be from a law enforcement agency.

We put reports together which summarized the dangerous aspects of Standing Rock - such as who we felt would be causing the issues, and sent those reports to law enforcement so they were aware of what we learned. Ultimately, we wanted to protect the assets of the client and to protect the general public that stood to be in danger, should protesters sabotage a pipeline.

But this is what TigerSwan didn't do: We didn't harm any protesters and didn't engage with any protesters at any events. There weren't any arrests made by TigerSwan contractors. We didn't run down anyone on horseback. We didn't have an armed predator drone, and we most certainly didn't jam phones or cell signals, nor did we drain batteries from devices. We also never pointed missiles at anyone. We don't have the equipment to do those things, nor would we. We are not law enforcement or any other government organization, although many seem to associate us with these groups. We also didn't fly drones at night and put people at risk

Side note: We never referred to the water protectors as jihadists. One remark by one analyst that should not have been in the final SITREP has been taken out of context by the activist media. Unfortunately, his comment portrays TigerSwan in a bad light. It was the job of these analysts to understand the different factions and explain some of the more aggressive or violent behaviors, not to brand people as jihadists.

3. What was the role of Morton County Sheriff Kyle Kirchmeier, the North Dakota Governor, and Chairman Dave Archambault, in organizing the Police and National Guard response. Who gave the orders to fire rubber bullets, tear gas and projectiles?

We can’t speak to this. A simple FOIA request with the right agency could provide insight there. We reported things to law enforcement, not the other way around.

4. Are you aware of, or involved in, any current counter intelligence operations, or anticipating a plea agreement, in exchange for covert activities?

Counter-intelligence is the wrong phrase. It is more appropriate to say counter-messaging. After the early propaganda put out by Democracy Now, Unicorn Riot, and the PR firm that the Standing Rock Tribe hired to tell exaggerations and fabrications designed to sway public opinion, we decided that we needed to respond. We countered propaganda with the truth, and we worked to tell the general public, which didn’t know details about what was happening at Standing Rock, the whole story.

We watched and interacted with many bloggers, pages, and groups - both for and against the pipeline, and for and against the activists. A few grassroots “news” organizations sprung up that we took advantage of, and we saw a lot of pro-law enforcement or pro-locals groups spring up as well. We shared information and content with these groups, and spread content to the others. Our goal was to get the truth out there, de-escalate the potential for violence, and undercut the activists’ messages. They had their social media propaganda, and we had ours.

We never published anything that attacked the Standing Rock Tribe, true water protectors, or the people that sincerely believed in what they were doing. We think we were mostly successful, and we had a tremendous amount of support from some water protectors and many tribe members (secretly for obvious reasons).

Much of what we wrote and published is being validated now. We only spoke truth, even if people at the Standing Rock camps couldn't bear to face it or accept it.  A couple examples include the money that was 'stolen' by GoFundMe accounts, and how many of the protesters were actually inciting violence, despite what they put on their own feeds.

Think of this from our perspective: After the early propaganda put out by water protectors, we decided that we needed to respond. There was no other voice coming out of Standing Rock - and in some cases, protesters were using social media to create a false perception of what was happening at Standing Rock. For example, the tribe WAS consulted before the pipeline was approved, and it wasn't forced upon them.

We saw firsthand that some protesters would start a fight or do something illegal, and wait until the police responded to turn their phones on and start recording.

And we *always* respected Native Americans and real water protectors. We also respected the Tribal elders and law enforcement.

The second part of your question is not clear. There are no plea agreements - no crimes have been committed, so there is no need for one. This is, of course, quite different for people like Mike Fasig and others as they are manipulating Kyle Thompson and Kourtni Dockter to fabricate "evidence" or testimony to get them out of their own criminal charges. It should also be noted that neither of these two ever worked for TigerSwan. They may have seen some TigerSwan staff names on a bulletin board or paper, but that doesn't mean that anything that they claimed about the company in their “testimony” is even remotely true.

5. What do you believe should happen now to bring about justice for all involved? Should charges be dropped against those arrested defending the water?

Honestly? For many, yes. But for many more, absolutely not. Many of the staff at TigerSwan are real vets that put their lives on the line for freedom, and would do so again in a heartbeat for your freedom of speech and your right to protest. If someone was arrested while peacefully protesting, or during a simple civil disobedience, then the charges should be dropped (if it was non-violent.) However, many of those arrested weren't 'real' water protectors. Our research turned up records that went way back, and in states far away from North Dakota.

Many of the arrests were for vandalism, violence, attacking law enforcement, criminal trespassing, and more. They, like anyone else, should face charges and let the court decide if they are innocent or not. That is how the system works. Just dropping charges is kind of a betrayal of the system and can cause problems in the future. It is better to be found innocent by a court or jury of peers than to simply have charges dropped and have the stink of suspicion for a crime follow you around.

That’s our opinion, anyways.

6. Were you an employee of TigerSwan in another country? If so, what was your role?

U.S. only. We will not discuss our names or what we do as part of our agreement to answer any questions asked.

7. Please provide any other details that you feel important for people to know.

Beware of people making assumptions and claims as true with no evidence. We are seeing a lot of made up stuff circulating as fact.

Here are some things we want people to know:

1) There are no “mercenaries” at TigerSwan. People are free to look up the definition of what a mercenary is: A professional soldier hired to help a foreign army.

TigerSwan folks are just regular people with regular jobs. It is a veteran service disabled, minority-owned company. We worked to keep pipeline workers, local families, and water protectors safe. We communicated regularly with law enforcement (like any honest person would) and reported crimes when we saw them. TigerSwan also secretly helped a number of water protectors that were in really bad situations or needed help when no one else would. Many of us also did this on our own.

Some really amazing and caring people work at TigerSwan. They all have their own stories and backgrounds.

2) It is 100% false that TigerSwan had 150 "infiltrators" in the camps, which is a rumor we see circulating on social media. Several camp leaders sent us information or asked for help getting criminal elements out of camps. Many water protectors who did not like some of the things they were seeing in camp in regards to drugs, weapons, or threats of violence, also sent us information. Quite a few members of several tribes would also occasionally send us information or notes thanking us for telling the truth, even if they didn't like admitting it. For those people in particular, we give our sincere respect for their integrity and wisdom.

3) Many claims about TigerSwan infiltrators are false and look like they are designed to distract from other issues. Most people being accused of being TigerSwan are most assuredly NOT. The overall community as a whole would probably lose their minds if they knew who the real supporters were that shared information with us (and in some cases, still do). Even more shocking is the information that we decided not to release because it would be severely damaging to certain individuals, their families, or more. Some bloggers have been wrongly accused of being TigerSwan. One was mentioned in a SITREP as a social media consultant, another had some contacts because of prior military service. There were some other cases where a random or tenuous link or connection was enough to get them tarred and feathered online in social media.

4) TigerSwan is not following anyone around. There were no signal jammers used to make people drop live feeds. We never crop dusted anyone. We did not manipulate the weather. We did not hide under anyone's beds. We never used hidden spy-era bugs. Some bloggers and live streamers accused of working for TigerSwan are not - and were never - employed by the company.

5) We want to give a shout out to the women who dressed up as TigerSwans over the 4th of July weekend. We saw that, and had a good laugh. Most of the people here have a sense of humor, and respect many of the water protectors for standing up for what they believe in.

Next questions?
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Censored News Responses


Additional questions from Censored News to TigerSwan:
Many facts need to be clarified:
Internal documents of TigerSwan, and a statement by Morton County, state that TigerSwan was the supervisor of all the other DAPL security contractors. Therefore, TigerSwan is responsible for the contractors who sicced the dogs on water protectors.
Published photos show security contractors arresting and/or detaining water protectors. Therefore, as supervisor, TigerSwan is responsible for the actions of all security contractors.
The State of North Dakota states TigerSwan operated without a license. Any security actions by TigerSwan would have been illegal.
Also, TigerSwan receives US contracts to operate in foreign countries.

TigerSwan insiders respond:
 TigerSwan was never in charge of other security companies. 
-  And, regarding the dog attack incident, TigerSwan was never involved until AFTER the dog incident.

Water Protector Mike Fasig responds:

Mike Fasig responded, "Except I don't need either of them for my case, never did ... my case is the hardest one Morton County has to deal with and the easiest one for us to defend ... Kyle and Kourtni have no bearing either way with my case."


Also see: TigerSwan faces lawsuit over operating illegally in North Dakota. Owner previously charged with domestic violence:
https://www.google.com/amp/s/static.theintercept.com/amp/tigerswan-faces-lawsuit-over-unlicensed-security-operations-in-north-dakota.html#ampshare=https://theintercept.com/2017/06/28/tigerswan-faces-lawsuit-over-unlicensed-security-operations-in-north-dakota/

HPR1 reports: Former security guard Kourtni Dockter says TigerSwan set vehicles on fire at Standing Rock:

Kourtni Dockter, former Leighton Security, describes an agenda that included setting company vehicles on fire, stealing equipment, and intentionally riling up protesters, HPR1 reports. Dockter said, "TigerSwan sent people out at night to light equipment on fire."
Read article: Former DAPL security speaks out damning TigerSwan tactics by C.S. Hagan:
http://hpr1.com/index.php/feature/news/former-dapl-security-speaks-out-damning-tigerswan-tactics/

Digital Smoke Signals video interview with Kyle Thompson
Former Leighton Services project manager (Dakota Access Pipeline Security), Kyle Thompson, shares his story.
https://www.facebook.com/DigitalSmokeSignals/videos/10156367251584746/

Morton County states TigerSwan was in charge of all DAPL private security at Standing Rock. Posted on Morton County website, report for October 16 and 18, 2016:
Morton County
DAPL FOLLOW UP
09/16/2016: I spoke to Francine Johnson, ND Private Investigation and Security Board (NDPISB) in reference to DAPL security officers being license in North Dakota.  The NDPISB had concerns that security officers were being brought to North Dakota from other states and not registering or applying for a Security Officers license.  Francine explained that if the Security Officer was working for DAPL and receiving their paycheck from DAPL, then they did not require a North Dakota License.
Francine and I spoke about whether a North Dakota licensed Security Company could have security officers from DAPL working as a subcontractor for them.  Francine told me this could happen as long as the officer made application with the licensing board and a full background was done by BCI and the FBI.  
I asked Francine if I could get a roster of security officers that worked as DAPL security officers and Francine asked me to send my request via email.
09/19/2016: I sent a request via email for the roster.
09/21/2016: I spoke to SA Joe Arenz and SA Lindsey Wolt, ND Bureau of Investigation.  SA Wolt is currently investigating an incident that occurred on September 03, 2016, that involved DAPL security officers and the pipeline protesters.  SA Wolt told me she was in the process of having several security officers interviewed.  These officers included several dog handlers.  
10/17/2016: I met with SA Joe Arenz.  As of today’s date Frost Kennels of Ohio have not been cooperative and no dog handler’s interviews have been done.  SA Arenz told me he has been provided a letter from the State of Ohio stating that Frost Kennels is not a registered security company in the State of Ohio.  Through Social Media I have been able to identify (2) handlers, Richardo Bullard and Ashley Welch.  
SA Arenz and I spoke about the private security and whether they have been registered through the NDPISB.  At the time of the September 3 protest, 10-Code and Silverton were the two private security companies working for the DAPL pipeline.  Silverton was possibly working under 10-Codes security license.  The dog handlers were working under Silverton and were not registered as security officers under the NDPISB.  I was told the intent was to eventually get the handlers registered and that on September 3, 2016 there was no intentions of using the dogs or handlers for security work.  Because of the protest events, the dogs were deployed as a method of trying to keep the protesters under control.
I have been told Silverton is no longer doing any security work for the DAPL pipeline.
I spoke to Morton County ASA Gabrielle Goter about the report of dog handlers not being properly license through NDPISB.  ASA Goter told me she felt any violations should be handled through NDPISB.  
10/18/2016: As of today’s date there are several Security Companies working for the DAPL
pipeline.  TigerSwan Security is in charge of the DAPL Intelligence and overall supervisor of the other security companies.  Leighton Security and HE Security are in charge of security for the DAPL equipment at the work sites.  Leighton Security is working under HE Security.  10 Code Security and Russle Group Security are in charge of drilling operations for DAPL. SRG Security is in charge of filming operations.  I was told by a 10 Code employee that SRG Security and Russle Group Security are working under 10 Code Security.
Through this investigation it has become evident that many security companies have been hired to do security work for the DAPL pipeline project.  Although lists of security employees have been provided, there is no way of confirming whether the list is accurate or if names have been purposely withheld.  Many of the initial security officers have come and gone and there is no way to prove who was doing security work.  Through this investigation it has been proven that the dog handlers were not properly licensed to do security work in the State of North Dakota.  
At this time this report and SA Joe Arenzs’ report will be forwarded to the Morton County States Attorney’s Office and the ND Private Investigators and Security Board for possible charges.
Read statement of Morton County, Oct. 2016:

http://www.co.morton.nd.us/vertical/Sites/%7B90CBB59C-38EA-4D41-861A-81C9DEBD6022%7D/uploads/Morton_Investigation_summary_of_security_licensure.pdf

TigerSwan denied North Dakota license, worked without a license.
Bismarck Tribune reports:
A North Dakota regulatory board has accused a security firm hired by the company that built the Dakota Access Pipeline of operating in the state without a license. In a complaint dated June 12, attorneys for the North Dakota Private Investigative and Security Board said the agency denied an application to James Patrick Reese, the founder of North Carolina-based TigerSwan, to become a licensed private security provider earlier this year. But Reese “and/or” the firm have “illegally continued to conduct private investigative and/or private security services in North Dakota following the denial of their application of licensure.”
http://bismarcktribune.com/news/state-and-regional/dakota-access-security-firm-operated-in-nd-without-license-board/article_71b32e07-0b58-54f6-a6e1-e60c085051db.html

The Intercept series of leaked documents from TigerSwan employee
Read entire series at The Intercept: https://theintercept.com/

Desmog blog first reported TigerSwan at Standing Rock, and its supervisory role of contractors, in Oct. 2016
TigerSwan owner James Reese advised Blackwater and took a leave of absence from TigerSwan in 2008 in the aftermath of the Nisour Square Massacre, a shooting in Iraq conducted by Blackwater officers which saw 17 Iraqi civilians killed, Desmog reported.
https://www.desmogblog.com/2016/10/28/private-security-firm-dakota-access-iraq-afghanistan-blackwater

TigerSwan's global contracts
The website of TigerSwan shows that it has offices in North Carolina, Afghanistan, Iraq, Jordan, India and Latin America. http://www.tigerswan.com/contact/

TigerSwan's current U.S State Department contracts in Afghanistan: $45.8 million, $10.5 million, and $2.6 million
CONTRACTOR SUPPORT FOR THE CREATION, DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF A THIRD PARTY INDEPENDENT US CONTRACTOR WITH TECHNICALLY TRAINED AFGHAN LOCAL NATIONALS TO PERFORM ASSESSMENT AND OVERSIGHT DUTIES
https://govtribe.com/contract/idv/saqmma15d0058

SITREP definitiona report on the current military situation in a particular area.

Definition of a mercenary
Webster's definition: "one that serves merely for wages; especially :  a soldier hired into foreign service"
Wikipedia definition: mercenary is a person who takes part in an armed conflict who is not a national or party to the conflict and is "motivated to take part in the hostilities by desire for private gain. Mercenaries fight for money or other recompense rather than for political interests.
Dictionary.com defines mercenary as: working or acting merely for money or other reward
hired to serve in a foreign army, guerrilla organization, etc.
a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army, any hireling


Photo below: Former DAPL security Kyle Thompson being confronted by water protector at Standing Rock.Kyle was disarmed by BIA security.


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